saying addressee

Microroles of
SAY
saying addressee

35 Verb forms in 33 Languages (59 Coding frames)

coding frames
participants
Language Verb form (SAY) Coding frame Coding set Argument type
Hoocąk Americas Siouan ee Derived 3 3 obj:und.V
Icelandic Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European segja (1) Basic 3 3 við+NP-acc X
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance dire Basic 3 3 a+NP X
Zenzontepec Chatino Americas Otomanguean nakwę Basic 3 3 jiʔį̄+NP P
Sliammon Americas Salish na-t Basic 2 1 V.obj P
Xârâcùù Southeast Asia & Australia Austronesian ché Basic 3 3 xù+NP X
Ainu Asia isolate ye Basic 3 2 NP+(e)un X
Nen Southeast Asia & Australia Morehead owabs Basic 3 3 NP-dat X
Balinese Southeast Asia & Australia Austronesian ngorahang Basic 3 3 teken+NP X
Modern Standard Arabic Africa Semitic qāla Basic 3 2 li+NP X
Even Asia Tungusic gö’n- Basic 3 3 NP-all X
Russian Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European skazatʹ Basic 3 2 NP-dat X
Mapudungun Americas Araucanian pin Basic 3 2 V.obj P
Yucatec Maya Americas Maya a'l Basic 3 3 ti'+NP X
Russian Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European govoritʹ Basic 3 2 NP-dat X
Russian Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European govoritʹ Derived 2 2 s+NP-instr
Eastern Armenian Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European asel Basic 3 3 NP-dat X
Hokkaido Japanese Asia Japonic i(w)-u Basic 3 2 NP-dat L
Even Asia Tungusic gö’n- Derived 2 3 NP-all
Even Asia Tungusic gö’n- Derived 3 3 NP-nom V.subj
Ket Asia Yeniseic ma~da⁰ Basic 3 2 NP-dat X
Ket Asia Yeniseic t⁵-ki⁰ (S-t-O-ke-pl) Basic 3 2 obj.V P
Ojibwe Americas Algonquian naad Basic 3 2 V.objI P
Bezhta Europe (and Indo-European) Nakh-Daghestanian nisal Basic 3 2 NP-poss X
Chintang Asia Tibeto-Burman lud Basic 3 3 NP-abs & V.obj P
Bezhta Europe (and Indo-European) Nakh-Daghestanian nisal Derived 4 2 NP-poss
Bezhta Europe (and Indo-European) Nakh-Daghestanian nisal Derived 3 2 NP-poss
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance dire Derived 2 3 a+NP
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance dire Derived 3 3 a+NP
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance dire Derived 3 3 a+NP
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance dire Derived 4 3 a+NP
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance dire Derived 2 3 a+NP
Hokkaido Japanese Asia Japonic i(w)-u Derived 3 2 NP-dat
Jakarta Indonesian Southeast Asia & Australia Austronesian bilang Basic 3 2 ke+NP X
Yucatec Maya Americas Maya a'l Derived 3 3 ti'+NP
Yucatec Maya Americas Maya a'l Derived 3 3 ti'+NP
Evenki Asia Altaic guun- Basic 3 3 NP-dat L
Nǀǀng Africa Tuu ku Basic 3 2 ng+NP X
Bora Americas Witotoan néé Basic 3 2 NP-acc P
Bora Americas Witotoan néé Derived 4 2 NP-acc
Bora Americas Witotoan néé Derived 3 2 NP-nom
Bora Americas Witotoan néé Derived 3 2 NP-nom
German Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European sagen Basic 3 3 zu+NP-dat X
Sri Lanka Malay Asia Austronesian biilang Basic 3 2 NP-dat X
Japanese (standard) Asia Japonic yuu Basic 3 2 NP-dat X
Mitsukaido Japanese Asia Japonic sjaber-u Basic 3 2 NP-dat L
Mandarin Chinese Asia Sino-Tibetan shuō Basic 3 2 duì+NP X
Japanese (standard) Asia Japonic yuu Derived 2 2 NP-nom
Japanese (standard) Asia Japonic yuu Derived 3 2 NP-dat
Mitsukaido Japanese Asia Japonic sjaber-u Derived 4 2 NP-dat
Mitsukaido Japanese Asia Japonic sjaber-u Derived 2 2 NP-nom
Mitsukaido Japanese Asia Japonic sjaber-u Derived 3 2 NP-dat
Hokkaido Japanese Asia Japonic i(w)-u Derived 3 2 NP-dat
English Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European say Basic 3 3 to+NP X
Korean Asia Isolate/Koreanic malhada Basic 3 2 NP-dat X
Jaminjung Southeast Asia & Australia Mirndi ganiyu Basic 3 3 NP-dat X
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance dire Derived 3 3 V.subj
Yaqui Americas Uto-Aztecan tejwa Basic 3 3 NP-acc P
Hokkaido Japanese Asia Japonic i(w)-u Derived 4 2 NP-dat
Hokkaido Japanese Asia Japonic i(w)-u Derived 3 2 NP-nom