said content

Microroles of
SAY
said content

37 Verb forms in 33 Languages (63 Coding frames)

coding frames
participants
Language Verb form (SAY) Coding frame Coding set Argument type
Icelandic Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European segja (1) Basic 3 2 UTT X
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance dire Basic 3 2 Ø P
Zenzontepec Chatino Americas Otomanguean nakwę Basic 3 1 UTT X
Xârâcùù Southeast Asia & Australia Austronesian ché Basic 3 2 Ø P
Ainu Asia isolate ye Basic 3 3 obj.V P
Nen Southeast Asia & Australia Morehead owabs Basic 3 2 NP-abs X
Balinese Southeast Asia & Australia Austronesian ngorahang Basic 3 2 UTT X
Modern Standard Arabic Africa Semitic qāla Basic 3 3 UTT X
Hoocąk Americas Siouan ee Derived 3 2 UTT
Even Asia Tungusic gö’n- Basic 3 2 NP-acc P
Russian Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European skazatʹ Basic 3 3 UTT X
Mapudungun Americas Araucanian pin Basic 3 3 Ø X
Hoocąk Americas Siouan ee Derived 3 2 UTT
Yucatec Maya Americas Maya a'l Basic 3 2 V.obj P
Russian Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European govoritʹ Basic 3 3 UTT X
Hoocąk Americas Siouan ee Basic 2 2 UTT X
Emai Africa Niger-Congo ẹ ọ́í Basic 2 2 UTT X
Even Asia Tungusic gö’n- Derived 2 2 NP-nom V.subj
Even Asia Tungusic gö’n- Derived 3 2 NP-acc
Hokkaido Japanese Asia Japonic i(w)-u Basic 3 3 UTT X
Ket Asia Yeniseic t⁵-ki⁰ (S-t-O-ke-pl) Basic 3 3 NP-dat X
Ket Asia Yeniseic ma~da⁰ Basic 3 3 UTT X
Ojibwe Americas Algonquian naad Basic 3 3 UTT X
Bezhta Europe (and Indo-European) Nakh-Daghestanian nisal Basic 3 3 UTT X
Ojibwe Americas Algonquian kidod Basic 2 2 UTT X
Eastern Armenian Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European asel Basic 3 2 UTT X
German Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European sagen Derived 2 2 NP-nom V.subj
Chintang Asia Tibeto-Burman lud Basic 3 2 NP-abs X
Bezhta Europe (and Indo-European) Nakh-Daghestanian nisal Derived 4 3 UTT
Bezhta Europe (and Indo-European) Nakh-Daghestanian nisal Derived 3 3 UTT
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance dire Derived 3 2 V.subj
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance dire Derived 3 2 V.subj
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance dire Derived 4 2 Ø
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance dire Derived 2 2 V.subj
Hokkaido Japanese Asia Japonic i(w)-u Derived 3 3 UTT
Jakarta Indonesian Southeast Asia & Australia Austronesian bilang Basic 3 3 UTT X
Jakarta Indonesian Southeast Asia & Australia Austronesian omong Basic 2 2 UTT X
Yucatec Maya Americas Maya a'l Derived 3 2 sbj.V
Yucatec Maya Americas Maya a'l Derived 3 2 sbj.V
Evenki Asia Altaic guun- Basic 3 2 NP-acc P
Nǀǀng Africa Tuu ku Basic 3 3 UTT X
Bora Americas Witotoan néé Basic 3 3 UTT X
Bora Americas Witotoan néé Derived 4 3 UTT
Bora Americas Witotoan néé Derived 3 3 UTT
Bora Americas Witotoan néé Derived 3 3 UTT
Icelandic Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European segja (1) Derived 2 2 NP-nom & V.agr
German Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European sagen Basic 3 2 NP-acc P
Sri Lanka Malay Asia Austronesian biilang Basic 3 3 UTT X
Japanese (standard) Asia Japonic yuu Basic 3 3 UTT X
Mitsukaido Japanese Asia Japonic sjaber-u Basic 3 3 UTT X
Mandarin Chinese Asia Sino-Tibetan shuō Basic 3 3 UTT X
Japanese (standard) Asia Japonic yuu Derived 2 3 UTT
Japanese (standard) Asia Japonic yuu Derived 3 3 UTT
Mitsukaido Japanese Asia Japonic sjaber-u Derived 4 3 UTT
Mitsukaido Japanese Asia Japonic sjaber-u Derived 2 3 UTT
Mitsukaido Japanese Asia Japonic sjaber-u Derived 3 3 UTT
Hokkaido Japanese Asia Japonic i(w)-u Derived 3 3 UTT
English Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European say Basic 3 2 NP-acc P
Korean Asia Isolate/Koreanic malhada Basic 3 3 NP-quot X
Jaminjung Southeast Asia & Australia Mirndi ganiyu Basic 3 2 UTT obj.V X
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance dire Derived 3 2 Ø
Yaqui Americas Uto-Aztecan tejwa Basic 3 2 UTT X
Hokkaido Japanese Asia Japonic i(w)-u Derived 4 3 UTT
Hokkaido Japanese Asia Japonic i(w)-u Derived 3 3 UTT