laugher

35 Verb forms in 34 Languages (56 Coding frames)

coding frames
participants
Language Verb form (LAUGH) Coding frame Coding set Argument type
Icelandic Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European hlæja Basic 1 1 NP-nom & V.agr S
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance ridere Basic 2 1 V.subj S
Zenzontepec Chatino Americas Otomanguean nka-xiti Basic 1 1 Ø S
Mandarin Chinese Asia Sino-Tibetan xiào Basic 1 1 Ø S
Sliammon Americas Salish qəs-əm Basic 1 1 V.sbj S
Ainu Asia isolate mina Basic 1 1 subj.V S
Emai Africa Niger-Congo jẹ Basic 2 1 Ø A
Japanese (standard) Asia Japonic warau Basic 1 1 NP-nom S
Nen Southeast Asia & Australia Morehead urs Basic 1 1 NP-abs & V.act X
English Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European laugh Basic 1 1 NP-nom V.subj S
Balinese Southeast Asia & Australia Austronesian kedek Basic 1 1 Ø S
Jaminjung Southeast Asia & Australia Mirndi gambaja gagba Basic 1 1 NP-abs subj.V S
Mandinka Africa Mande jéle Basic 1 1 Ø S
Modern Standard Arabic Africa Semitic ḍaḥika Basic 1 1 V.subj NP-nom S
Even Asia Tungusic inin- Basic 1 1 NP-nom V.subj S
Russian Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European smejatʹsja Basic 1 1 NP-nom & V.subj S
Ket Asia Yeniseic daq⁷-ij⁰(S-daq-ij-pl) Basic 1 1 subj.V S
Mapudungun Americas Araucanian ayen Basic 1 1 V.subj S
Yaqui Americas Uto-Aztecan aache Basic 1 1 NP-nom S
Yorùbá Africa Niger-Congo ré̩rìín Basic 1 1 Ø S
Hoocąk Americas Siouan hikša Derived 2 1 obj:und.V
Hoocąk Americas Siouan hikša Derived 2 1 act.V
Xârâcùù Southeast Asia & Australia Austronesian mwârâ Basic 1 1 Ø S
Yucatec Maya Americas Maya che'h Basic 1 1 sbj.V S
Hoocąk Americas Siouan hikša Derived 2 1 act.V
Hoocąk Americas Siouan hikša Basic 1 1 act.V X
Mitsukaido Japanese Asia Japonic wara: Basic 1 1 NP-nom S
German Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European lachen Basic 1 1 NP-nom V.subj S
Hokkaido Japanese Asia Japonic wara(w)-u Basic 1 1 NP-nom S
Ojibwe Americas Algonquian baapid Basic 1 1 V.subjS S
German Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European lachen Derived 2 1 NP-nom V.subj
Bora Americas Witotoan gooco Derived 3 1 NP-acc
Bora Americas Witotoan gooco Derived 2 1 NP-nom
Bezhta Europe (and Indo-European) Nakh-Daghestanian łowal Basic 1 1 NP-abs & abs.V I
Emai Africa Niger-Congo jẹ Derived 1 1 Ø
Mitsukaido Japanese Asia Japonic wara: Derived 2 1 NP-acc
Mitsukaido Japanese Asia Japonic wara: Derived 2 1 NP-nom
Mitsukaido Japanese Asia Japonic wara: Derived 1 1 NP-exp
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance ridere Derived 3 1 Ø
Yucatec Maya Americas Maya che'h Derived 2 1 sbj.V
Hokkaido Japanese Asia Japonic wara(w)-u Derived 2 1 NP-acc
Hokkaido Japanese Asia Japonic wara(w)-u Derived 1 1 NP-nom
Bezhta Europe (and Indo-European) Nakh-Daghestanian łowal Derived 3 1 NP-abs & abs.V
Jakarta Indonesian Southeast Asia & Australia Austronesian ketawa Basic 1 1 Ø S
Evenki Asia Altaic in’ekte- Basic 1 1 NP-nom S
Nǀǀng Africa Tuu kxʼainʼa Basic 1 1 Ø S
Zenzontepec Chatino Americas Otomanguean nka-xiti Derived 2 1 Ø
Zenzontepec Chatino Americas Otomanguean nka-xiti Derived 2 1 jiʔį̄+NP
Bora Americas Witotoan gooco Basic 2 1 NP-nom S
Japanese (standard) Asia Japonic warau Derived 2 1 NP-acc
Japanese (standard) Asia Japonic warau Derived 1 1 NP-nom
Eastern Armenian Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European cicaʁel Basic 2 1 NP-nom V.subj S
Eastern Armenian Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European cicaʁel Derived 2 1 NP-dat
Korean Asia Isolate/Koreanic usda Basic 1 1 NP-nom S
German Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European lachen Derived 0