gift

Microroles of
GIVE
gift

41 Verb forms in 36 Languages (72 Coding frames)

coding frames
participants
Language Verb form (GIVE) Coding frame Coding set Argument type
Hoocąk Americas Siouan hok'ų Derived 4 3 obj:und.V
Icelandic Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European gefa Basic 3 3 NP-acc P
Icelandic Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European rétta Basic 3 3 NP-acc P
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance dare Basic 3 2 Ø P
Zenzontepec Chatino Americas Otomanguean nkā-tāá Basic 3 2 jiʔį̄+NP P
Mandarin Chinese Asia Sino-Tibetan gěi Basic 3 3 Ø P
Sliammon Americas Salish x̣ənat-t Basic 3 3 obl-NP L
Xârâcùù Southeast Asia & Australia Austronesian Basic 3 2 Ø P
Ainu Asia isolate kor-e (SG)/kor-pa-re (PL) Basic 3 3 Ø X
Bora Americas Witotoan ajcú Basic 3 3 NP-all L
Emai Africa Niger-Congo V li Basic 3 2 Ø P
Japanese (standard) Asia Japonic ataeru Basic 3 3 NP-acc P
Nen Southeast Asia & Australia Morehead warams Basic 3 2 NP-abs X
English Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European give Basic 3 2 NP-acc P
Balinese Southeast Asia & Australia Austronesian maang Basic 3 2 Ø P
Jaminjung Southeast Asia & Australia Mirndi ganingarnany Basic 3 3 NP-abs X
Mandinka Africa Mande díi Basic 3 3 NP+la I
Mandinka Africa Mande Basic 3 3 NP+la I
Even Asia Tungusic bö- Basic 3 2 NP-acc P
Ket Asia Yeniseic b³-aq⁰ (S-b-O-aq-pl) Basic 3 2 Ø X
Mapudungun Americas Araucanian elun Basic 3 3 Ø X
Yaqui Americas Uto-Aztecan maka Basic 3 3 NP-acc P
Yorùbá Africa Niger-Congo fún Basic 3 3 ní+NP X
Hoocąk Americas Siouan hok'ų Derived 3 3 obj:und.V
Hoocąk Americas Siouan hok'ų Derived 4 3 obj:und.V
Yucatec Maya Americas Maya ts'a' Basic 3 2 V.obj P
Hoocąk Americas Siouan hok'ų Basic 3 3 obj:und.V P
Mitsukaido Japanese Asia Japonic kure-ru Basic 3 3 NP-acc P
Mitsukaido Japanese Asia Japonic jar-u Basic 3 3 NP-acc P
Russian Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European datʹ Basic 3 2 NP-acc P
Russian Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European datʹ Derived 3 2 NP-nom & V.subj
Eastern Armenian Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European tal Basic 3 2 NP-nomdat P
Russian Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European datʹ Derived 3 2 NP-gen
German Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European geben Basic 3 3 NP-acc P
Even Asia Tungusic bö- Derived 2 2 NP-nom V.subj
Even Asia Tungusic bö- Derived 3 2 NP-acc
Hokkaido Japanese Asia Japonic kure-ru Basic 3 3 NP-acc P
Bezhta Europe (and Indo-European) Nakh-Daghestanian niƛal Basic 3 3 NP-abs & abs.V P
Ojibwe Americas Algonquian miinaad Basic 3 3 I
Chintang Asia Tibeto-Burman pid Basic 3 2 NP-abs X
Bora Americas Witotoan ajcú Derived 4 3 NP-all
Bora Americas Witotoan ajcú Derived 3 3 NP-all
Bezhta Europe (and Indo-European) Nakh-Daghestanian niƛal Derived 4 3 NP-abs & abs.V
Bezhta Europe (and Indo-European) Nakh-Daghestanian niƛal Derived 3 3 NP-instr
Bezhta Europe (and Indo-European) Nakh-Daghestanian niƛal Derived 3 3 NP-abs & abs.V
Bezhta Europe (and Indo-European) Nakh-Daghestanian niƛal Derived 3 3 NP-abs & abs.V
Icelandic Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European gefa Derived 1 3 NP-nom & V.agr
Icelandic Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European rétta Derived 1 3 NP-nom & V.agr
Icelandic Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European gefa Derived 2 3 NP-acc
Icelandic Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European rétta Derived 2 3 NP-acc
Icelandic Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European gefa Derived 2 3 NP-nom & V.agr
Icelandic Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European rétta Derived 2 3 NP-nom & V.agr
Icelandic Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European gefa Derived 2 3 NP-acc
Japanese (standard) Asia Japonic ataeru Derived 2 3 NP-nom
Japanese (standard) Asia Japonic ataeru Derived 2 3 NP-acc
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance dare Derived 3 2 V.subj
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance dare Derived 3 2 V.subj
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance dare Derived 4 2 Ø
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance dare Derived 2 2 V.subj
Hokkaido Japanese Asia Japonic yar-u Basic 3 3 NP-acc P
Yucatec Maya Americas Maya ts'a' Derived 3 2 sbj.V
Hokkaido Japanese Asia Japonic yar-u Derived 2 3 NP-nom
Hokkaido Japanese Asia Japonic yar-u Derived 3 3 NP-acc
Jakarta Indonesian Southeast Asia & Australia Austronesian kasi Basic 3 3 Ø P
Yucatec Maya Americas Maya ts'a' Derived 3 2 sbj.V
Evenki Asia Altaic buu- Basic 3 2 NP-acc P
Nǀǀng Africa Tuu aa Basic 3 3 Ø P
Yucatec Maya Americas Maya ts'a' Derived 2 2 V.obj
Sri Lanka Malay Asia Austronesian kaasi Basic 3 2 NP-acc P
Icelandic Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European rétta Derived 3 3 NP-acc
Bora Americas Witotoan ajcú Derived 3 3 NP-all
Japanese (standard) Asia Japonic ataeru Derived 3 3 NP-acc
Korean Asia Isolate/Koreanic juda Basic 3 2 NP-acc P
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance dare Derived 3 2 Ø
Modern Standard Arabic Africa Semitic ʾaʿṭâ Basic 3 3 NP-acc P
Korean Asia Isolate/Koreanic juda Derived 3 2 NP-acc
Korean Asia Isolate/Koreanic juda Derived 2 2 NP-nom
Russian Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European datʹ Derived 3 2 NP-nom & V.subj