FRIGHTEN core meaning

Typical context The bear frightened the man.
Microroles frightening thing/instr., frightener, frightenee, frighten beneficiary, scare causer

Verb forms 39

participants in basic Coding frame
Language Verb form Basic Coding frame
German Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European erschrecken 2
Emai Africa Niger-Congo niaa 2
Nǀǀng Africa Tuu kxʼuu qain 2
Chintang Asia Tibeto-Burman kip-mett 2
Jakarta Indonesian Southeast Asia & Australia Austronesian takutin 2
Zenzontepec Chatino Americas Otomanguean nkw-ē-k-utzę 2
Japanese (standard) Asia Japonic kowagaraseru 2
Bora Americas Witotoan íllívyeebó 2
Mitsukaido Japanese Asia Japonic ({ot/but})tamangeragas-u 2
Nen Southeast Asia & Australia Morehead brbr wets 2
Yucatec Maya Americas Maya sahbes 2
Yucatec Maya Americas Maya sahakkuns 2
Sliammon Americas Salish x̣əyp-a-t 2
Italian Europe (and Indo-European) Romance spaventare 2
Hokkaido Japanese Asia Japonic kowagarase-ru 2
Xârâcùù Southeast Asia & Australia Austronesian fabata 2
Evenki Asia Altaic ŋeele-vken- 2
Eastern Armenian Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European vaχecʰnel 2
Bezhta Europe (and Indo-European) Nakh-Daghestanian hič'egolal 2
Icelandic Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European hræða 2
Ainu Asia isolate kimatek-ka 2
Mandarin Chinese Asia Sino-Tibetan xià(hu) 2
Balinese Southeast Asia & Australia Austronesian nakutin 2
Jaminjung Southeast Asia & Australia Mirndi braitenim ganangu 2
Korean Asia Isolate/Koreanic nollaeda 1
Ojibwe Americas Algonquian zeghaad 2
Sri Lanka Malay Asia Austronesian thakuthking 2
English Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European frighten 2
English Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European scare 2
Mandinka Africa Mande sílándi 2
Modern Standard Arabic Africa Semitic ʾaḫāfa 2
Modern Standard Arabic Africa Semitic ḫawwafa 2
Hoocąk Americas Siouan nąąǧire hii 2
Even Asia Tungusic ŋelu-ken 2
Russian Europe (and Indo-European) Indo-European pugatʹ 3
Ket Asia Yeniseic qoraŋ⁷-q⁵-t~a⁰ (S-qodaŋ-q-O-t-pl ) 2
Mapudungun Americas Araucanian trupefülün 2
Yaqui Americas Uto-Aztecan gomta 2
Yorùbá Africa Niger-Congo dé̩rùbà 2