witi

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'be dry' is an adjective. Inchoative 'become dry' is a verb zero-derived from it or derived by versive prefix i-. Causative 'dry it' is -u-xíti, where the /w/ is replaced by /x/, which is a palatized form of the TRN prefix s-) and causative u- is added.

Coding frame

Complex Verb form
Verb type: A

Examples

(213)
Léē ta witi ntii tuʔwaāʔ.
léē
very
ta
already
witi
dry
nt-ii
HAB-feel
tuʔwa=ą̄ʔ
mouth=1SG
‘My mouth feels very dried out.’
(214)
Tī ná keʔe choo jā kiwiti nu nku-chata=na.
COND
NEG
k-eʔe
POT-go.down
choo
rain
CONJ
ki-witi
POT-dry
nu
NOM
nku-chata=na
CPL-replant=1PL.INCL
‘If it doesn't rain, the crop (what we planted) will dry out.’
(215)
Ntewitiri ntii tī tyá=āʔ.
nte-witi=ri
PRG-dry=only
nt-ii
HAB-feel
EMPH
tyáą=ą̄ʔ
throat=1SG
‘My throat dries up on me a lot.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BE DRY Coding set Argument type
1 dry thing Ø S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
N this is formally irregular for this alternation, because the intransitive is marked by w-, and the causative by s --> x y
C
R The u-causative is part of the equipollent causative/inchoative alternation. y
(216)
‘He is drying his clothes (in the sun).’
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y