nka-wanā

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/nka-u-wanā/
CPL-CAUS-steal
The stealing source NP is optional, as shown in ex. #188.

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Examples

(187)
Na nyatę̄ nyāʔā nkawanāų́ʔ jnā jnā soʔni jnā soʔni jiʔį̄ų́ʔ.
na
ART
nyatę̄
person
nyāʔā
POT.see.2SG
nka-wanā=ūʔ
CPL.CAUS-steal=3PL
jiʔį̄
RN
na
ART
jiʔį̄
RN
na
ART
soʔni
conch
jiʔį̄
RN
na
ART
soʔni
conch
jiʔį̄=ūʔ
RN=3PL
‘Those people, you see, they stole the, the shell, their shell.’
(188)
Ná nkawanā jwāá jnā chajaá.
NEG
nka-wanā
CPL.CAUS-steal
jwaā=V́
Juan=DEM
jiʔį̄
RN
na
ART
chaja=V́
tortilla=DEM
‘Juan did not steal the tortillas.’
(189)
Nkawanāų́ʔ liwrū jnī matrū skwelā.
nka-wanā=ūʔ
CPL.CAUS-steal=3PL
liwrū
book
jiʔį̄
RN
niʔ
3SG.RSP
matrū
master
skwelā
school
‘They (nonspec.) stole the book from the teacher (the teacher's book).’
(190)
Nkawanā na nkwítzą kūnáʔaá jnā liwrūú jnīʔ matrū skwelāá.
nka-wanā
CPL.CAUS-steal
na
ART
nkwítzą
child
kūnáʔa=V́
female=DEM
jiʔį̄
RN
na
ART
liwrū=V́
book=DEM
jiʔį̄
RN
niʔ
3SG.RSP
matrū
master
skwelā=V́
school=DEM
‘The girl stole the book from the teacher.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# STEAL Coding set Argument type
1 stealer Ø A
2 stolen thing jiʔį̄+NP P
3 stealing source jiʔį̄+NP P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
U
R n
(286)
‘That man steals.’
C
N y
C
N This verb has the u-causative prefix, but does not alternate with a less transitive verb. y
C
N y