nkū-túʔu-jná

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/nku-túʔu-jná/
CPL-leave-flee
The verb 'run' in other Chatino languages is cognate to the
jná element in the ZEN verb, which in ZEN means 'to flee'.
There can be a locational NP, which is definitely optional. The only example I have with such a locational NP is the one elicited from the earlier version of the valency classes project manual: 'The boy ran (on the floor)'.
Though there is no clear argument/adjunct distinction in Zenzontepec Chatino that I have found, a locational NP is not common with 'run', so it's safe to say it is not argument-like and not needed in the coding frame.

Coding frame

Examples

(145)
Nkūtúʔujná na nkwítząá nto yuú.
nkū-túʔu-jná
CPL-leave-flee
na
ART
nkwítzą=V́
child=DEM
ntoo
face
yuu=V́
earth=DEM
‘The boy ran on the ground.’
(147)
Nchaa ntētúʔujná nkuxę nchaa.
nch-aa
PRG-go.NBASE
ntē-túʔu-jná
PRG-leave-flee
nkuxę
late
nch-aa
PRG-go.NBASE
‘He went running because he went late.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# RUN Coding set Argument type
1 runner Ø S

Alternations