nka-jnyā

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/nka-u-jnyā/
CPL-CAUS-move
This verb is the causative of
-jnyá 'shake'.

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Examples

(103)
Nkajnyā chu kíʔyūú jnā niʔií lóʔō lítúu.
nka-jnyā
CPL.CAUS-make
chu
NOM.HUM
kíʔyū=V́
male=DEM
jiʔį̄
RN
na
ART
niʔi=V́
house=DEM
lóʔō
RN.with
lítúu
adobe
‘The man built the house with adobe.’
(105)
Nu liwrū kujnyāyu jiʔį̄ kitzę nu laa nkyuʔu laaʔ saʔne jiʔį̄ to neʔe jiʔį̄ to laa.
nu
NOM
liwrū
book
k-u-jnyā=yu
POT-CAUS-make=3SG.M
jiʔį̄
RN
kitzę
village
nu
NOM
l-aa
STAT-be
nk-y-uʔu
CPL-ITRN-be.inside
laaʔ
like.so
saʔne
long.ago
jiʔį̄
RN
to
mouth
neʔe
house
jiʔį̄
RN
to
mouth
laa
church
‘The book he is going to make for the village is like the one there was long before in the house of the church.’
(107)
Ntejnyā niʔ kūnáʔa nu kaku.
nte-jnyā
PRG-make
niʔ
3SG.RSP
kūnáʔa
female
nu
NOM
k-aku
POT-eat(.3)
‘The woman was making what he was going to eat.’
(108)
"Kujnyá tzaka ya rawū" nakwę.
k-u-jnyá
POT-CAUS-make.2SG
tzaka
one
ya
CLF.wood
rawū
plough
nakwę
say(.3)
‘"You are going to make a plow", he said.’
(109)
Lóʔō maxtyī jyą́ʔ nka-jnyāą́ʔ jį̄.
lóʔō
RN.with
maxtyī
machete
jiʔį̄=ą̄ʔ
RN=1SG
nka-jnyā=ą̄ʔ
CPL.CAUS-make=1SG
jiʔį̄
RN(.3)
‘I did/made it with my machete.’
(115)
Ntujnyāya jaʔwa nchuʔu lita.
nt-u-jnyā=ya
HAB-CAUS-make=1PL.EXCL
jaʔwa
granary
n-ch-uʔu
HAB-ITRN-be.inside
lita
ear.of.corn
‘We built granaries where the ears of corn were put.’
(268)
Kujnyá tzaka ya ntisukwā ke.
k-u-jnyá
POT-CAUS-make.2SG
tzaka
one
ya
CLF.wood
nti-sukwā
HAB-be.lying.down
ke
head
‘You are going to make a yoke.’
(272)
Wiʔ nkajnyāúʔ tzaka kétū yuu.
wiʔ
there
nka-jnyā=ūʔ
CPL.CAUS-make=3PL
tzaka
one
kétū
hole
yuu
earth
‘There they made a hole in the ground.’
(104)
Nkyāáʔ na niʔií lóʔō kiī.
nk-yāáʔ
CPL-be.made
na
ART
niʔi=V́
house=DEM
lóʔō
RN.with
kiī
grass
‘The house was built with grass.’
(106)
Tzáʔ jlyā nkajnyā jį̄. Tatīyá tī ų́ʔwá tzáʔ jlyā nkajnyāúʔ jų́ʔ.
tzáʔ
word
jlyā
Castille
nka-jnyā
CPL.CAUS-make(.3)
jiʔį̄
RN(.3)
tatīyá
every
EMPH
ų́ʔ
3PL
DEM
tzáʔ
word
jlyā
Castille
nka-jnyā=ūʔ
CPL.CAUS-make=3PL
jiʔį̄=ūʔ
RN=3PL
‘He made himself mestizo (non-Chatino). They all turned mestizo.’

Verb meanings , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BUILD MAKE Coding set Argument type
1 builder maker Ø A
2 built thing made thing jiʔį̄+NP P
3 building material making material lóʔō+NP I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N This verb contains the u-causative. The intransitive, without u-, now means 'to quake (the earth)' as in an earthquake. So this verb does not undergo this alternation anymore, those it does formally. y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y