nk-xáʔā

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/nka-xáʔā/
CPL-scream

The transitive verb with added object in examples 96 and 97 means 'to call out to', 'to invite', or 'to yell for someone'. That does not fit in any of the most common alternations of the language, and there is no corresponding alternation included in the database.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(94)
La wiʔ yatēyá luwiʔ lēʔ nkāxáʔā nakwę lákwiʔ tzéʔā wá nī jā yākwá ntixaʔa.
la
as.far.as
wiʔ
there
y-aa-tēyá
CPL-go.NBASE-be.standing
luwiʔ
then
lēʔ
then
nkā-xáʔā
CPL-scream(.3)
nakwę
say(.3)
lákwiʔ
self
tzéʔā
exactly
DEM
now
CONJ
yākwá
there
nti-xaʔa
HAB-scream(.3)
‘She went to stand there then, and then she screamed, they say, it is right there itself where she screamed.’
(95)
Ntyáxáʔā saaʔ choō jlyū tuʔwari nyaʔa tza laaʔ wiʔ nkā.
n-tyá-xáʔā
HAB-begin-scream
saaʔ
parrot
choō
friend
jlyū
large
tuʔwa=ri
mouth=only
nyaʔa
HAB.see(.3)
tza
one
laaʔ
like.so
wiʔ
there
nkā
before
‘The parrots would begin to cry, friend, and thick they looked when gathered together there before (when they lifted off to fly).’
(96)
Wī chu lyāʔ jnyá ntixaʔakāʔáūʔ jnā.
and
chu
NOM.HUM
lyāʔ
use
jnyá
work
nti-xaʔa=kāʔá=ūʔ
HAB-scream=also=3PL
jiʔį̄=na
RN=1PL.INCL
‘And the authorities call on us also.’
(97)
Kixaʔaą̄ʔ jyū chaąyu tya nteē nakwę jā kunayu.
ki-xaʔa=ą̄ʔ
POT-scream=1SG
jiʔį̄=yu
RN=3SG.M
chaą=yu
POT.come.BASE=3SG.M
tya
towards
nteē
here
nakwę
say(.3)
CONJ
k-una=yu
POT-hear=3SG.M
‘I am going to call him so that he comes here and listens.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SCREAM Coding set Argument type
1 screamer Ø S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
C
R y
(283)
‘The baby girl made Juana scream when they went to the water source.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R malefactive y
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n