nkay-oō

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/nkay-oō/
CPL-grind
The inchoative of 'grind' exists, but it is suppletive. The intransitive verb is
-uwe (see ex. #73).
It is rare to express the instrument with the verb 'grind' because it is assumed to be a grinding stone (quern) or in recent times an electric mill, because 99% of the time people are speaking about grinding corn to make tortillas. The instrument NP is certainly optional.
Example #73 illustrates the intransitive counterpart verb. However, it is not related via any alternation, as the verb pair is suppletive and not derivational.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(71)
Kii nī kōóūʔ jnū wá nī kakuna.
kii
tomorrow
now
k-ōó=ūʔ
POT-grind=3PL
jiʔį̄
RN
nu
NOM
DEM
now
k-aku=na
POT-eat=1PL.INCL
‘Tomorrow they are going to grind it so that we can eat.’
(73)
Kuweri tzoʔō tzoʔō lēʔ kōʔó=ǫ jiʔį̄ tza tasā xīyáʔ=ri.
k-uwe=ri
POT-get.ground=only
tzoʔō
well
tzoʔō
well
lēʔ
then
k-ōʔó=ą
POT-drink=1PL.INCL
jiʔį̄
RN
tza
one
tasā
cup
xīyáʔ=ri
small=only
‘It gets ground very fine and then one drinks just a small cup.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# GRIND Coding set Argument type
1 grinder Ø A
2 ground thing jiʔį̄+NP P
3 grinding instrument lóʔō+NP I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
R The thing usually ground is corn for making tortillas. n
(72)
‘I will take the quern. I'll carry it on my shoulder in the morning because you will grind. You will wash it. You will grind.’
(282)
‘The bear, you see, already ate his wife where she was standing with her quern grinding.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y