nkā-x-īką́ʔ

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/nka-u-s-īką́ʔ/
CPL-CAUS-TRN-tie
also means 'bandage'
Both the tying goal and tying instrument are optional. I do not know what their argument status is. There is no really clear argument/adjunct distinction in ZEN Chatino that I have found.

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Examples

(28)
Niʔ kíʔyūú nkāxīką́ʔ jnā kwayūú jnā yakaá.
niʔ
3SG.RSP
kíʔyū=V́
male=DEM
nkā-x-īką́ʔ
CPL.CAUS-TRN-tie(.3)
jiʔį̄
RN
na
ART
kwayū=V́
horse=DEM
jiʔį̄
RN
na
ART
yaka=V́
tree=DEM
‘The man tied the horse to the tree.’
(30)
... lēʔ nkāxīką́ʔyu tī jiʔį̄ na torōoʔ.
lēʔ
then
nkā-x-īką́ʔ=yu
CPL.CAUS-TRN-tie=3SG.M
EMPH
jiʔį̄
RN
na
ART
torō=Vʔ
bull=DEM
‘... and then he tied up the bull.’
(31)
Nkāxīką́ʔōʔ jiʔį̄ lóʔō yésō.
nkā-x-īką́ʔ=ūʔ
CPL.CAUS-TRN-tie=3PL
jiʔį̄
RN(.3)
lóʔō
RN.with
yésō
plaster
‘They bandaged him in plaster.’
(32)
Jwāá nkāxīką́ʔ jiʔį̄ na jnēʔé.
jwaā=V́
Juan=DEM
nkā-x-īką́ʔ
CPL.CAUS-TRN-tie(.3)
jiʔį̄
RN
na
ART
jnēʔ=V́
dog=DEM
‘Juan tied up the dog.’
(29)
Nkyāką́ʔ na kwayūú jnā yakaá.
nk-y-āką́ʔ
CPL-ITRN-tie
na
ART
kwayū=V́
horse=DEM
jiʔį̄
RN
na
ART
yaka=V́
tree=DEM
‘The horse was tied to the tree.’
(33)
Wílā chaką̄ʔ tī nuwęʔ.
wílā
not.yet
ch-aką̄ʔ
POT.ITRN-tie
EMPH
nu
NOM
wiʔ
DEM
‘That one still had not been tied up.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# TIE Coding set Argument type
1 tier Ø A
2 tied thing jiʔį̄+NP P
3 tying goal jiʔį̄+NP P
4 tying instrument lóʔō+NP I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
N This verb is the derived result of applying the equipollent causative/intransitive alternation to the intransitive verb. y
U
N n
C
N This transitive verb contains the u-causative prefix. y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y