nka-t-ākǫ́ʔ

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/nka-u-t-ākǫ́ʔ/
CPL-CAUS-TRN-cover
The root is
-ākǫ́ʔ, and is unspecified for valency. -u-t-ākǫ́ʔ is the transitive causative verb, with t- transitivizer and u- causative. -y-ākǫ́ʔ is the intransitive counterpart verb.
The instrument is optional.

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Examples

(17)
Nkātākǫ́ʔ niʔ kíʔyūú jiʔį̄ na nkwítząá lóʔō na tā kitząʔá.
nkā-t-ākǫ́ʔ
CPL.CAUS-TRN-cover
niʔ
3SG.RSP
kíʔyū=V́
male=DEM
jiʔį̄
RN
na
ART
nkwítzą=V́
child=DEM
lóʔō
RN.with
na
ART
tā-kitząʔ=V́
cloth-hair=DEM
‘The man covered the child with the blanket.’
(18)
Ntētākǫ́ʔ koo jį̄ koōʔ.
ntē-t-ākǫ́ʔ
PRG.CAUS-TRN-cover
koo
cloud
jiʔį̄
RN
koōʔ
moon
‘The cloud is covering the moon.’
(19)
Kutākǫ́ʔǫ jnā litaá jā ná nyaʔa xíkwą̄ jį̄.
k-u-t-ākǫ́ʔ=ą
POT-CAUS-TRN-cover=1PL.INCL
jiʔį̄
RN
na
ART
lita=V́
ear.of.corn=DEM
CONJ
NEG
nyaʔa
POT.see
xíkwą̄
sunlight
jiʔį̄
RN(.3)
‘We are going to cover up the corn so that the sun does not see it.’
(20)
Nkātākǫ́ʔ ntoo nkutyūkwá luwiʔ.
nkā-t-ākǫ́ʔ
CPL.CAUS-TRN-cover(.3)
ntoo
eye(.3)
nku-tyūkwá
CPL-go.out(.3)
luwiʔ
then
‘He closed his eyes and walked out then.’
(22)
Nkātākǫ́ʔ nu nee joʔō kyaʔā kékū.
nkā-t-ākǫ́ʔ
CPL.CAUS-TRN-cover(.3)
nu
NOM
nee
say(.3)
joʔō
god
kyaʔā
mountain
kékū
water.place
‘He closed off the one called the god of nature.’
(261)
Nu nkātākǫ́ʔūʔ laaʔ nu jā tyāʔ ntūkwá tya kétū.
nu
NOM
nkā-t-ākǫ́ʔ=ūʔ
CPL.CAUS-TRN-cover=3PL
laaʔ
like.so
nu
NOM
CONJ
tyāʔ
still
n-tūkwá
STAT-be.inside
to
mouth
kétū
hole
‘Although they closed it off, the hole still exists.’
(21)
Nkātākǫ́ʔų̄ʔ nkwiyūʔ.
nkā-t-ākǫ́ʔ=ūʔ
CPL.CAUS-TRN-cover=3PL
nkw-ii=ūʔ
CPL-want=3PL
‘They planned on closing it off (the place).’
(23)
Nkyākǫ́ʔ skwelā.
nk-y-ākǫ́ʔ
CPL-ITRN-cover
skwelā
school
‘The school was closed.’
(24)
Nkyākǫ́ʔ kitząʔ ke nu kūnáʔa nu ntāá kwítī.
nk-y-ākǫ́ʔ
CPL-ITRN-cover
kitząʔ
hair
ke
head
nu
NOM
kūnáʔa
female
nu
NOM
n-tāá
HAB-give
kwítī
medicine
‘The nurse's hair is covered up (with a cloth).’
(25)
Nkyākǫ́ʔ ntii kétū xeęʔę̄ʔ.
nk-y-ākǫ́ʔ
CPL-ITRN-cover
nt-ii
HAB-feel
kétū
hole
xeęʔ=ą̄ʔ
nose=1SG
‘My nose feels like it got plugged up.’
(26)
Nkyākǫ́ʔ na nkwítząá lóʔō na tā kitząʔá.
nk-y-ākǫ́ʔ
CPL-ITRN-cover
na
ART
nkwítzą=V́
child=DEM
lóʔō
RN.with
na
ART
tā-kitząʔ=V́
cloth-hair=DEM
‘The child was covered up with the blanket.’

Verb meanings , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# CLOSE COVER Coding set Argument type
1 closer coverer Ø A
2 closed thing covered thing jiʔį̄+NP P
3 closing instrument cover lóʔō+NP I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
N This verb is the derived result of applying the equipollent causative/intransitive alternation to the intransitive verb. y
C
N y
C
N This verb is already an u-causative derived verb. y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y