nkā-s-āáʔ

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/nkā-u-s-āáʔ/
CPL-CAUS-TRN-tear

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Examples

(1)
Tzǫʔ sateʔyu nkāsāáʔ sateʔyu.
tzǫʔ
back
s-ateʔ=yu
POSS-clothes=3SG.M
nkā-s-āáʔ
CPL.CAUS-TRN-tear(.3)
s-ateʔ=yu
POSS-clothes=3SG.M
‘The back of his clothes, he tore his clothes.’
(2)
Na nkwítząá ntēsāáʔ jnā chajaá.
na
ART
nkwítzą=V́
child=DEM
ntē-s-āáʔ
PRG.CAUS-TRN-tear(.3)
jiʔį̄
RN
na
ART
chaja=V́
tortilla=DEM
‘The child is tearing the tortilla.’
(3)
Tsaą jā ta ntētāáʔ tī na nchuluwa jā ta nkūláā tínī.
tz-aa=ą
POT-go.NBASE=1PL.INCL
CONJ
ta
already
ntē-t-āáʔ
PRG-ITRN-tear
EMPH
na
ART
nchuluwa
soursop
CONJ
ta
already
nkū-láā
CPL-get.loose(.3)
EMPH
niī
now
‘We are going to go because the soursops are cracking because they already came loose.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# TEAR Coding set Argument type
1 tearer Ø A
2 torn thing jiʔį̄+NP P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
N This verb is the derived result of applying the equipollent causative/intransitive alternation to the intransitive verb -t-àáʔ. This verb is irregular in the morphology for this alternation. Instead of having the y-intransitivizer prefix for the intransitive form, the verb has a t-intransitivizer prefix, which is not found elsewhere in the language. This reflects old fossilized morphology that is no longer productive. y
C
N y
C
N This verb already has the u-causative prefix. y
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y