mach

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There is no base verb meaning 'touch' in Maya. mach 'seize' is the semantically closest root. Semantically closer stems are compounds. See also koh.
Mach appears in the instrumental frame only exceptionally (ex. 334), as the use of hands is part of its meaning.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(334)
Tin machah yéetel in xts'íik k'ab.
t-in
PRFV-SBJ.1SG
mach-ah
seize-CMPL
y-éetel
0-with
in
POSS.1SG
xts'íik
left
k'ab
hand
‘I seized her with my left hand.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# TOUCH Coding set Argument type
1 toucher sbj.V A
2 touchee V.obj P
3 touching instrument yéetel+NP I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
M y
C
R y
(317)
‘The girl was touched by her mother in order to feel if she had fever.’
C
R y
(318)
‘They are touching each other in order to feel if they have fever.’
C
M y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
U
N n