ka'ns

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Causative of the passive ka'n of kan 'learn'.- ka'ns displays an uncoded alternation concerning the assignment of direct and indirect object to the two oblique arguments. As it is the only verb to do so, no alternation was set up.

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Examples

(91)
Le ko'lelo' tu ka'nsah le xch'úupal ti' hump'éel k'aayo'.
le
DEM
ko'lel-o'
woman-D2
t-u
PRFV-SBJ.3
ka'n-s-ah
learn\PASS-CAUS-CMPL
le
DEM
xch'úupal
girl
ti'
LOC
hun-p'éel
one-CL.INAN
k'aay-o'
song-D2
‘The lady taught the girl a song.’
(255)
Le ko'lelo' tu ka'nsah ti' le xch'úupalo' hunp'éel k'aay.
le
DEM
ko'lel-o'
woman-D2
t-u
PRFV-SBJ.3
ka'n-s-ah
learn\PASS-CAUS-CMPL
ti'
LOC
le
DEM
xch'úupal-o'
girl-D2
hun-p'éel
one-CL.INAN
k'aay
song
‘The lady taught the girl a song.’
(362)
Tin ka'ns-ah xokp'éelil-o'b t-in paal.
t-in
PRFV-SBJ.1.SG
ka'ns-ah
teach-CMPL
xokp'éelil-o'b
number-PL
t-in
LOC-POSS.1.SG
paal
child
‘I taught my child numbers.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# TEACH Coding set Argument type
1 teacher sbj.V A
2 teachee V.obj P
3 taught content ti'+NP X

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(259)
‘I was taught to speak Maya well by my teacher.’
C
N y
C
R y
(256)
‘Who teaches here?’
C
N y
C
N y
C
M y
(260)
‘They teach each other various languages.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
U
M n