but'

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locative shift

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(51)
Le koolnáalo' tu but'ah ixi'm ti' le kaamiono'.
le
DEM
koolnáal-o'
farmer-D2
t-u
PRFV-SBJ.3
but'-ah
fill-CMPL
ixi'm
corn
ti'
LOC
le
DEM
kaamion-o'
truck-D2
‘The farmer loaded corn onto the truck.’
(205)
But' le nal teh xuuxo'.
but'
fill
le
DEM
nal
corncob
ti'
LOC
le
DEM
xuux-o'
long.basket-D2
‘Put the corn cobs into the basket (to fill it).’
(357)
Tíin but'ik le kuuch teh káamiona'.
táan
PROG
in
SBJ.1SG
but'-ik
fill-INCMPL
le
DEM
kuch
load
ti'
LOC
le
DEM
káamion-a'
truck-D1
‘I am filling the load into the truck.’
(358)
Le koolnáalo' tu but'ah ixi'm ti' le kaamiono'.
le
EM
koolnáal-o'
farmer-D2
t-u
PRFV-SBJ.3
but'-ah
fill-CMPL
ixi'm
corn
ti'
LOC
le
DEM
kaamion-o'
truck-D2
‘The farmer loaded corn onto the truck.’

Verb meanings , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# FILL LOAD Coding set Argument type
1 filler loader sbj.V A
2 filling material loaded thing V.obj P
3 filled container loading place LOC L

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(323)
‘The bucket fills with earth.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(346)
‘I am filling the load into the truck.’
C
M y
U
R n
(50)
‘The girl filled the cup with water.’