kán

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Kán, like its synonyms fó̩ and (see relevant records), is a transitive verb; but can be used intransitively (Inchoative-causative alternation). It can also occur in the Possessive alternation. The choice between the different verbs for 'break' in Yoruba is determined by the shape of the object. E.g., fó̩ is used if the object is glass, round or cylindrical, while kán and are used for objects like stick, bone (leg or arm) etc.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(41)
Ade kán egungun e̩sè̩ mi.
Ade
Ade
kán
break
egungun
bone
e̩sè̩
leg
mi
1SG.POSS
‘Ade broke my leg.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BREAK Coding set Argument type
1 breaker Ø A
2 broken thing Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
R n
(46)
‘Ade broke my leg (bone).’
U
N n
U
N n
U
R n
(43)
‘My leg bone broke.’
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n