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D̩á, like its synonyms fó̩ and kán (see relevant records), is a transitive verb; but it can be used intransitively (inchoative-causative alternation). It can also occur in the Possessive alternation. The choice between the different verbs for 'break' in Yoruba is determined by the shape of the object. E.g., fó̩ is used if the object is glass, round or cylindrical, while kán and are used for objects like stick, bone (leg or arm) etc.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(188)
Ade dá egungun e̩sè̩è̩ mi.
Ade
Ade
break
egungun
bone
e̩sè̩è̩
leg.POSS
mi
1SG.POSS
‘Ade broke my leg (lit. Ade broke the bone of my leg).’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BREAK Coding set Argument type
1 breaker Ø A
2 broken thing Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
R n
(190)
‘Ade broke my leg bone.’
U
N n
U
N n
U
R n
(189)
‘My leg bone broke.’
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n