ya

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This is a transitive verb, but it can be used intransitively under the inchoative-causative alternation. It can also occur in the possessive alternation (external possession), i.e., if the construction expresses a possession.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(67)
Ade ya as̩o̩o̩ Bó̩lá.
Ade
Ade
ya
tear
as̩o̩o̩
cloth.POSS
Bó̩lá
Bola
‘Ade tore Bola's cloth.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# TEAR Coding set Argument type
1 tearer Ø A
2 torn thing Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
R n
(69)
‘Bola's cloth tore. / Bola's cloth was torn.’
U
M The possessive alternation occurs if the basic construction expresses a possession. n
(68)
‘Ade tore Bola's cloth.’
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n