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This is a transitive verb, but it can be used as intransitive under the inchoative-causative alternation. If an instrument is mentioned, it is introduced by fi. It also undergoes the Fi-ní alternation and the possessive alternation involving an external possession.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(61)
Ade fi ò̩be̩ gé etíi Bó̩lá.
Ade
Ade
fi
take
ò̩be̩
knife
cut
etíi
ear.POSS
Bó̩lá
Bola
‘Ade cut Bola's ear with a knife.’
(176)
Ade gé e.
Ade
Ade
cut
e
3SG.O
‘Ade cut it.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# CUT Coding set Argument type
1 cutter Ø A
2 cut thing Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
R n
(62)
‘Ade cut Bola with a knife.’
U
R n
(63)
‘Bola's ear was cut.’
U
R n
(64)
‘Ade cut Bola's ear.’
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n