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This is a transitive verb. It has the same syntactic distribution as its synonym (see relevant record). If an instrument is mentioned, it is introduced by fi in the basic construction. In the alternate construction, the instrument argument is introduced by . It also occurs in the possessive alternation (external possession).

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(49)
Ade lu o̩mo̩ wa.
Ade
Ade
lu
beat
o̩mo̩
child
wa
1PL.POSS
‘Ade beat our child.’
(50)
Ade fi ò̩pá lu o̩mo̩ wa.
Ade
Ade
fi
take
ò̩pá
staff
lu
beat
o̩mo̩
child
wa
1PL.POSS
‘Ade beat our child with a staff. / Ade used a staff to beat our child.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BEAT Coding set Argument type
1 beater Ø A
2 beatee Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
R n
(51)
‘Ade beat our child with a staff.’
U
R n
(52)
‘Ade beat our child.’
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n