fó̩

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Fó̩, like its synonyms and kán (see relevant records), is a transitive verb; but can be used intransitively (Inchoative-causative alternation). It can also occur in the possessive alternation. The choice between the different 'break' verbs is determined by the shape of the object. E.g., fó̩ is used if the object is glass, round or cylindrical, while kán and are used for objects like stick, bone (leg or arm) etc.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(42)
Ade fi irin fó̩ kòkò omi náà.
Ade
Ade
fi
take
irin
iron
fó̩
break
kòkò
pot
omi
water
náà
DEF
‘Ade broke the water pot with an iron.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BREAK Coding set Argument type
1 breaker Ø A
2 broken thing Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
R n
(45)
‘The water pot broke.’
U
R It is considered marginal because it only occurs with a possessive expression. n
(44)
‘Ade broke my water pot.’
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n