kó̩

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This is a transitive verb. However, when an instrument is mentioned in the construction, it is usually introduced by fi in the basic construction, while in the alternate construction, the instrument is introduced by .

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(39)
Ade fi amò̩ kó̩ ilé náà.
Ade
Ade
fi
take
amò̩
clay
kó̩
build
ilé
house
náà
DEF
‘Ade built the house with clay.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BUILD Coding set Argument type
1 builder Ø A
2 building material fi+NP I
3 built thing Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
M This alternation involving BUILD is considered marginal because the meaning can be possessive; e.g. 'He built it of clay' (i.e., as belonging to clay), or instrumental; e.g. 'He built it with clay'. n
(40)
‘Ade built the house of clay. / Ade built the house with clay.’
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n