rùn

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An ambitransitive verb; can be used transitively and intransitively. But mostly used intransitively. When used transitively (and with an agentive sense), it is often the case that the matrix verb is modified by 'look' in the same clause (NP V NP V). The construction thus has the literal sense 'smell X look'. Also, the verb can combine with the allative (see examples).

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(7)
Ó run o̩wó̩o̩ rè̩ wò.
ó
3SG.S
run
smell
o̩wó̩o̩
hand.POSS
rè̩
3SG.POSS
look
‘He smelled his hand.’
(183)
Ajá náà run o̩wó̩o̩ rè̩.
Ajá
dog
náà
DEF
run
smell
o̩wó̩o̩
hand.POSS
rè̩
3SG.POSS
‘The dog smelled its/his/her hand.’
(6)
Òkú aja náà ń rùn.
òkú
dead
aja
dog
náà
DEF
ń
PROG
rùn
smell
‘The dead dog's carcass is smelling.’
(8)
Ó rùn sí mi.
ó
3SG.S
rùn
smell
PREP
mi
1SG.O
‘It (the smell) oozed out to me. / It smelled to me.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SMELL Coding set Argument type
1 smeller Ø A
2 smelled entity Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n