tejwa

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If it is the case that a 3rd participant appears, it will use the accusative pattern unless the verb bears an applicative marker.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(10)
Jabeta empo tejwa?
jabe-ta
someone-acc
empo
2sg.subj
tejwa
tell
‘To whom are you talking?’
(53)
In asoa au tebaure tiia.
in
1sg.pos
asoa
son
au
refl
tebaure
be_hungry
tiia
say.trns
‘My son says that he is hungry.’
(101)
Jaisa jiia u yoeme?
jaisa
what
jiia
say
u
det
yoeme
man
‘What is the man saying ?’
(9)
Ili uusi jamut ili uusita tejwa ...
ili
small
uusi
child
jamut
female
ili
small
uusi-ta
child-acc
tejwa
tell
‘The girl says to the boy...’
(54)
U yoeme jachin jiia.
u
det
yoeme
man
jachin
something
jiia
tell
‘The man is talking.’
(103)
E'e ti neu jiiak.
e'e
no
ti
thus
ne-u
1sg-dir
jiia-k
say-pfv
‘He said 'no' to me.’
(309)
Joan a'abo wee-tiia.
Joan
Juan
a'abo
toward.here
wee-tiia
walk.sg-say.trns
‘Juan says he is coming.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SAY Coding set Argument type
1 sayer NP-nom A
2 said content UTT X
3 saying addressee NP-acc P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
y
C
R y
(644)
‘It can be said to that woman.’
U
M n
(647)
‘The woman is advising something.’
U
N n
C
R y
(643)
‘He told the child to say it (=something) (to someone else).’
C
R y
(102)
‘He is saying the time/hour for the woman (in her place).’
U
M It is allowed when the applicative marker is used. n
(52)
‘The man is saying something to the woman.’
(642)
‘I am saying the hour to the woman for you (i.e. in your place).’
C
R y
(646)
‘The woman was told something.’
C
R y
(645)
‘The woman is being told something.’
C
N y
C
N y