me’a

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The coding frame of the me'a verb shows a killing instrument participant, which is represented as optional (by means of the parentheses). Cases like this are considered 'extended coding frames', since they show other possible participants, although the basic frame is the one represented out of the parentheses.

It can change to
me'e.

Coding frame

Examples

(49)
Joan juyapo bakotta me'a.
Joan
Juan
juya-po
scrub-loc
bakot-ta
snake-acc
me'a
kill
‘Juan is killing the snake on the field.’
(98)
Juan chu'uta me'ak.
Juan
Juan
chu'u-ta
dog-acc
me'a-k
kill-pfv
‘Juan killed the dog.’
(167)
Juan au me'ak.
Juan
Juan
au
refl
me'a-k
kill-pfv
‘Juan killed himself.’
(307)
Joan chu'uta tetae me'ak.
Joan
Juan
chu'u-ta
dog-acc
teta-e
stone-instr
me'a-k
kill-pfv
‘Juan killed the dog with a stone.’
(132)
U chu'u muuke.
u
det
chu'u
dog
muuke
die
‘The dog is dying.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# KILL Coding set Argument type
1 killer NP-nom A
2 killee NP-acc P
3 killing instrument NP-instr I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
M y
(423)
‘The cow can be killed.’
U
R la versión con jita no es intransitiva. n
(426)
‘Juan kills (people).’
U
N n
C
R y
(334)
‘The man made the boy kill the snake with a stick.’
(422)
‘Juan made me kill the cow.’
C
R y
(421)
‘Juan killed a cow for me.’
U
N n
C
R y
(425)
‘The rabbit is dead. / The rabbit was killed.’
C
R y
(424)
‘The rabbit is being killed.’
C
N y
C
N y