to’a

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The causative version of the meaning POUR (to'a) requires a plural object, while the inchoative (to'e) requires a plural subject. The intransitive version means something like 'lie down'. (Cuando se usa en intransitivo, significa algo como echarse.)

Coding frame

Examples

(36)
U jamut soto'ipo ba'am to'a.
u
det
jamut
woman
soto'i-po
pot-loc
ba'am
water
to'a
pour
‘The woman pours water in the pot.’
(243)
Pichelpo iliiki ba'am to'a.
pichel-po
jar-loc
iliiki
few
ba'am
water
to'a
pour
‘Pour some water on the jar.’
(242)
I pichel kaa tu'isi jita yeu toto'a.
i
dem
pichel
jar
kaa
neg
tu'isi
well
jita
something
yeu
down
to~to'a
rdp:hab~pour
‘This jar does not pour well.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# POUR Coding set Argument type
1 pourer NP-nom A
2 poured substance NP-acc P
3 pouring goal NP-loc L

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
M This requires a plural subject. y
(244)
‘Yesterday, two girls stayed at my home (to sleep). \ lit. Two little girls yesterday laid at my home.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(531)
‘Water can be poured in the pot.’
U
R n
(534)
‘Pour something there.’
U
n
C
R y
(324)
‘The man made the woman pour the water into the glass.’
C
R y
(530)
‘Pour some water on the dish for the dog.’
U
n
C
R y
(533)
‘Water was poured in the pot.’
C
R y
(532)
‘Water was poured.’
C
N y
C
N y