suma

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(35)
U jamut chu'uta suma.
u
det
jamut
woman
chu'u-ta
dog-acc
suma
tie
‘The woman ties the dog.’
(87)
Juan kaba'ita jupau sumak.
Juan
Juan
kaba'i-ta
horse-acc
jupa-u
tree-dir
suma-k
tie-pfv
‘Juan tied the horse to the tree.’
(240)
Juan kaba'ita jupau wikiae sumak.
Juan
Juan
kaba'i-ta
horse-acc
jupa-u
tree-dir
wikia-e
rope-instr
suma-k
tie-pfv
‘Juan tied the horse to the tree with a rope.’
(238)
Juan korbatata sumak.
Juan
Juan
korbata-ta
tie-acc
suma-k
tie-pfv
‘Juan knotted his tie.’
(239)
Juan kaba'ita wikiae sumak.
Juan
Juan
kaba'i-ta
horse-acc
wikia-e
rope-instr
suma-k
tie-pfv
‘Juan tied the horse with a rope.’
(241)
I wikia kaa tu'isi jita susuma.
i
dem
wikia
rope
kaa
neg
tu'isi
well
jita
something
su~suma
rdp~tie
‘This rope does not tie well.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# TIE Coding set Argument type
1 tier NP-nom A
2 tying goal NP-dir X
3 tied thing NP-acc P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
y
C
N y
C
R y
(513)
‘The horse can be tied.’
U
R n
(515)
‘The Paskome ties (people).’
U
N n
C
R y
(512)
‘The man made Juan tie the horse.’
C
R y
(511)
‘The man tied Juan's horse to the tree.’
U
N n
C
M y
(514)
‘My hands are tied.’
C
y
C
N y
C
N y