bekta

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The reflexive pronoun is considered as an alternative to codify the 2-participant. This verb only allows the second participant marked by -acc if there is an applicative mark on the verb (ex. 174) and the reflexive pronoun must be on before the verb. The other option is the ex. 300, which shows a semantic extension of the core meaning of the verb.

Coding frame

Examples

(32)
Ino ne bekta.
ino
1sg.refl
ne
1sg
bekta
shave
‘I am shaving (myself).’
(173)
U yoeme au bektak.
u
det
yoeme
man
au
refl
bekta-k
shave-pfv
‘The man shaved himself.’
(218)
Ino ne bektak pajko betchi'ibo.
ino
1sg.refl
ne
1sg
bekta-k
shave-pfv
pajko
feast
betchi'ibo
for
‘I shaved (myself) for the feast.’
(300)
Bwiata ne bektabae.
bwia-ta
ground-acc
ne
1sg
bekta-bae
shave-des
‘I will plow the ground (lit. I will shave the ground (in order to sow something).).’
(391)
U jamut o'outa bektak.
u
det
jamut
woman
o'ou-ta
male-acc
bekta-k
shave-pfv
‘The woman shaved the man.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SHAVE (self) Coding set Argument type
1 shaver (of self) NP-nom S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
R n
(151)
‘The man shaved (something).’
C
R y
(174)
‘The man shaved his head.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
M y
(394)
‘Hair does not shave well.’
U
M It requires a reflexive pronoun. n
(392)
‘Juan shaved his head.’
(393)
‘I shaved on my head. / I shaved my own head.’
C
R y
(390)
‘The woman made the man shave his head.’
U
N n
C
R y
(396)
‘The hair is already shaved.’
(397)
‘The legs are already shaved.’
C
R y
(395)
‘The hair is being shaved.’
C
N y
C
N y