bata

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Intransitive verb, basically meaning "be afraid"; may take an extra argument introduced by the non-beneficiary preposition taa, or in a serial verb construction with xwi cara "make shame".
May be causativized:
fa-bata "to frighten"

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(52)
È bata taa tèpe.
è
3SG
bata
fear
taa
NBEN
tèpe
speak
‘He is afraid of speaking.’
(103)
È bata taa na fètaa rè mwâciri rèè.
è
3SG
bata
fear
taa
NBEN
na
PST
fè-taa
go-leave
POSS
mwâciri
country
rè-è
POSS-3SG
‘He was afraid to leave his country.’
(158)
Wita bata, nâ tâmwâ döu bwa mè nâ xwi xöru kèèrè gè!
wita
don't
bata
fear
1SG
tâmwâ
know
döu
thing
bwa
DEM
that
1SG
xwi
make
xöru
well
kèèrè
like
2SG
‘Don't be afraid, I know how to do as well as you do!’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# FEAR Coding set Argument type
1 fearer Ø S
2 fear stimulus taa+NP X

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(166)
‘We frighten the lobster with an octopus so that it gets out of its hole.’
C
R y
(53)
‘The boy feared the man. / The boy was afraid of the man.’
U
N n
U
n
C
N y
C
N y
U
n
C
y
U
n
C
R y
U
N n