xwi

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xwi is a labile verb, it means 'build, make' in a transitive construction (with an agentive subject), and 'exist', 'become' in an intransitive construction (with a patientive subject).

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(36)
Kamûrû xwi na mwâ ngê sêgè.
kamûrû
man
xwi
build
na
PST
mwâ
house
ngê
INS
sêgè
stone
‘The man built the house with stones.’
(39)
Pa pwâgara xwi farawa va nèkè-ri.
pa
COLL
pwâgara
European
xwi
make
farawa
bread
va
for
nèkè-ri
GEN.CLF(starchy.food)-3PL
‘Europeans make bread for their starchy food.’

Verb meanings , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BUILD MAKE Coding set Argument type
1 builder maker Ø A
2 built thing made thing Ø P
3 building material making material ngê+NP I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
R n
(37)
‘What's going on?’
(38)
‘Colour the living creatures which have a shell.’
C
R y
(234)
‘She knows well how the feast is organized up there.’
U
n
C
y
C
N y
U
n
C
N y
C
R y
(252)
‘My father made my little brother build a traditional house.’
C
N y
U
n
U
N n