picaking

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contains the causativizer -king/-kang. The c can be geminate or not

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Examples

(17)
(Aanak) (jleena[=yang]) (baathu=dering) arà-picaking.
aanak
child
jleena=yang
window=acc
baathu=dering
stone=abl
arà-picaking
nonpast-broken.caus
‘The child breaks the window with a stone.’
(108)
Itthu giini bolepiccakang thundu padanang.
itthu
dist
giini
like.this
bole-picca-kang
can-broken-caus
thundu
piece
pada=nang
pl=dat
‘You can break those things to pieces like this.’
(109)
Itthusubbath derangpada jaalang aràgijja, butthul ruuma padayang aràpiccakang.
itthusubbath
therefore
derang
3pl
pada
pl
jaalang
street
arà-gijja
nonpast-make
butthul
correct
ruuma
house
pada=yang
pl=acc
arà-picca-kang
nonpast-broken-caus
‘There for they are making streets, they are demolishing good houses. / Therefore, they construct streets and good houses are getting demolished.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BREAK Coding set Argument type
1 breaker Ø A
2 broken thing NP-acc P
3 breaking instrument NP-abl I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
n
U
M n
U
R n
(107)
‘The other day, when Snow-White and Rose-Red were picking (=breaking) berries, a big bird flew over them.’