Alternations of Sri Lanka Malay

Alternations
Alternation name Description Examples Verbs
U
n Any NP can be dropped without influencing the coding of the other NPs, or the coding of the verb.
(52)
Spaaru oorang pada biini padale baawa aada.
spaaru
some
oorang
man
pada
pl
biini
wife
pada=le
pl=addit
baawa
bring
aada
exist
‘Some men had brought also their wives. / Some men had also brought their wives.’
69
U
n An additional participant is added, which may have any case marking but accusative. The coding of the existing participants is not affected. The form of the verb is not affected either. 5
U
n
(63)
Suda puthrile biinile aràcaanda haarile sudhaathang.
suda
thus
puthri=le
queen=addit
biini=le
wife=addit
arà-caanda
nonpast-meet
haari=le
day=addit
su-dhaathang
past-come
‘Thus came the day when the wife and the queen were to meet.’
1