Indirective applicative with Passive C

Description

combination of indirective suffix and passive suffix
for Derived CF
Verb meaning Verb form Occurs Basic Coding frame Derived Coding frame
STEAL čəwʼu-ni-t R
(60)
čəwʼu-ni-θ-as
steal-IND-CTR:1SG.OBJ-3.ERG
ʔə=
OBL=
tə=
DET=
tᶿ=
1SG.POSS=
tala
money
‘He stole money from me.’
LOOK AT kʼʷən-t
(3)
kʼʷən-t-∅-as
see-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
tutamʼiš
boy
‘He looked at the boy.’
KNOW təx̣ʷ-nixʷ
(24)
təx̣ʷ-n<i>xʷ-∅-as
find.out-NTR<STV>-OBJ-3.ERG
tə=tutamʼiš
DET=
‘He knew the boy.’
SEARCH FOR tʼᶿiy-i-t
(12)
tʼᶿiy-i-t-∅-as
search-LV-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
tutamiš
boy
‘He looked for the boy.’
HELP čʼag-a-t
(4)
čʼag-a-t-∅-as
help-LV-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
saɬtxʷ
woman
‘He helped the woman.’
FEEL COLD čʼaʔ-čʼəm
(105)
čʼaʔ-čʼəm
RDPL-cold
=∅
=3.INDC.SBJ
tə=
DET=
tutamʼiš
boy
‘The boy is cold.’
RAIN čʼəɬ
(1)
čʼəɬ
rain
‘It rains. / It rained.’
CUT čʼət-t
(109)
čʼət-t-∅-as
cut-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
saplin
bread
‘He cut the bread.’
COOK čʼəx̣-a-t
(87)
čʼi-čʼx̣-a-t-∅
IMPF-cook-LV-CTR-3.OBJ
=1SG.INDC.SBJ
tə=
DET=
tᶿ=
1SG.POSS=
ʔiɬtən
food
‘I am cooking my food.’
HEAR čʼiy-i-t
(91)
čʼiy-i-t-∅
hear-LV-CTR-3.OBJ
=a
=QN
=čxʷ
=2SG.INDC.SBJ
ɬ=
DET=
tʼitʼəstʼis
bird
‘Do you hear the bird?’
ASK FOR gay-a-t
(102)
gay-a-t-∅-as
ask-LV-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
=kʷu
=CLT
ɬ=
DET=
tan-s
mother-3.POSS
‘He asked his mother.’
SMELL həqʷ-t
(66)
həqʷ-t-∅
smell-CTR-3.OBJ
=čaxʷ
=2SG.INDC.SBJ
tiyʼta
DEM
qʷasəm
flower
‘(You) smell that flower!’
BUILD həy-t
(72)
həy-t-∅-as-uɬ
make-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG-PAST
tə=
DET=
ʔayaʔ
house
‘He built the house.’
GO hu
(8)
hu
go
=tᶿəm
=1SG.INDC.SBJ:FUT
‘I will go.’
(170)
hu-h-uɬ
go-EPEN-PAST
=1SG.INDC.SBJ
ʔə=
OBL=
kʷ=
DET=
tiyskʷat
place.name
sǰasuɬ
yesterday
‘I went to Powell River yesterday.’
FALL ǰaqʼ
(77)
ǰaqʼ
fall
tə=
DET=
ǰaǰʼa
tree
‘The tree fell.’
RUN ǰəƛʼ
(111)
ǰəƛʼ
run
=čat
=1PL.INDC.SBJ
=səm
=FUT
‘We will run.’
PUSH ǰuθ-u-t
(63)
ǰu-ǰuθ-u-t-∅
IMPF-push-LV-CTR-3.OBJ
=št
=1PL.INDC.SBJ
tə=
DET=
ʔatnupil
car
‘We are pushing the car.’
PUT kʷa(ʔ)-t
(45)
kʷa-t-∅-as
put.down-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
ƛas
glass
ʔə=
OBL=
tə=
DET=
θiwuθitən
table
‘He put the glass on the table.’
SIT DOWN kʷanač-əm
(97)
kʷanač-əm
sit-MDL
=∅
=3.INDC.SBJ
tə=
DET=
tutamiš
boy
‘The boy sat down.’
HIDE kʷay-iš
(15)
kʷay-iš-∅
hide-CTR-3.OBJ
=tᶿəm
=1SG.INDC.SBJ:FUT
tə=
DET=
pəču
basket
‘I will hide the basket.’
BE ILL kʷə-kʷt-əm
(120)
kʷu-kʷt-əm
IMPF-sick-MDL
John
pers.name
‘John is sick.’
CARRY kʷinat-t
(16)
kʷinat-t-∅-as
carry-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
kʼʷawʔis
bucket
‘She is carrying the bucket.’
POUR kʼʷəɬ-aš
(40)
kʼʷəɬ-aš-∅
spill-CTR-3.OBJ
=ga
=IMP
tə=
DET=
qayʼa
water
‘Spill the water out!’
SHOW kʼʷən-sxʷ
(30)
kʼʷən-sxʷ-∅-as
see-CAU-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
tiča
teacher
ʔə=
OBL=
tə=
DET=
pukʷ
book
‘He showed the book to the teacher.’
JUMP kʼʷitʼᶿ-im
(6)
kʼʷitʼᶿ-im
jump-MDL
‘He jumped.’
LEAVE ɬaw-š
(39)
ɬaw-š-∅
leave-CTR-3.OBJ
=1SG.INDC.SBJ
tə=
DET=
tᶿ=
1SG.POSS=
ʔayaʔ
house
‘I am leaving my house.’
PEEL ɬupʼ-u-t
(85)
ɬupʼ-u-t-∅
peel-LV-CTR-3.OBJ
=ga
=IMP
tə=
DET=
θ=
2SG.POSS=
'banana'
banana
‘Peel your banana!’
CRY ƛʼux̣ʷt
(86)
ƛʼux̣ʷt
cry
=∅
=3.INDC.SBJ
‘She cries.’
GET ma(ʔ)-t
(78)
ma-mʼa-t-∅-as
IMPF-obtain-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
ɬə=
DET=
paʔa
one
ǰanxʷ
fish
‘He is taking one fish.’
EAT məkʷ-t
(127)
məkʷ-t-∅-as
eat-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
saplin
bread
‘He ate bread.’
SAY na-t
(108)
na-t-∅-as
say-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
čičiyaʔ-s
grandmother-3.POSS
‘He spoke to his grandmother.’
NAME nan-a-t
(71)
nan-a-t-∅
name-LV-CTR-3.OBJ
=čxʷ
=2SG.INDC.SBJ
tə=
DET=
čuyʼ
child
‘(You) name the baby!’
DRESS niʔ-i-t
(13)
niʔ-i-t-∅-as
put.on-LV-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
ʔiʔagikʼʷ-s
clothes-3.POSS
‘He put his clothes on.’
BE A HUNTER no verbal counterpart N
THINK nu-np-igan-mi-t
(104)
nu-np-igən-mi-t-∅-as-iw
RDPL-think-feeling-RLT-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG-PL
‘They thought about it.’
BOIL paɬuqʼʷ-um
(88)
paɬuqʼʷ-um
boil-MDL
tə=
DET=
qayʼa
water
‘The water is boiling.’
ROLL pəlʼkʷ
(101)
pəlʼkʷ
roll
tə=
DET=
ǰaǰʼa
tree
‘The log rolled down.’
TEAR pəx̣-t
(29)
pəx̣-t-∅-uɬ
tear-CTR-3.OBJ-PAST
=čən
=1SG.INDC.SBJ
tiʔi
DEM
qʼəsnayʼ
shirt
‘I tore this shirt apart.’
PLAY qaqs-imʼ
(122)
qaqs-imʼ
play-MDL
=∅
=3.INDC.SBJ
‘She plays.’
SING qaqsamʼuθinʼ-əm
(34)
qaqsamʼuθin-amʼ-uɬ
sing-MDL-PAST
plit
Fred
‘Fred sang.’
TOUCH qəp-t
(14)
qəp-t-∅
touch-CTR-3.OBJ
=čən
=1SG.INDC.SBJ
‘I touch it.’
LAUGH qəs-əm
(123)
qəs-əm
laugh-MDL
=∅
=3.INDC.SBJ
‘She laughs.’
DIE qəyʼ
(119)
kʷa=
CLT=
qəyʼ
die
šə=
DET=
tᶿ=
1SG.POSS=
manʼ-uɬ
father-PAST
‘My father passed away.’
(136)
x̣ʷay
die(PL)
tə=
DET=
məm-mimaw
PL-cat
‘All the cats died.’
KILL qəyʼ-t
(110)
qəy-t-∅-as
die-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
mušmuš
cow
‘He killed the cow.’
(229)
qəyʼ-t-∅
die-CTR-3.OBJ
=čan
=1SG.INDC.SBJ
=səm
=FUT
tə=
DET=
mix̣aɬ
bear
‘I am going to kill the bear.’
TALK qʷi-qʷay-sxʷ
(79)
qʷi-qʷay-sxʷ-∅-as
RDPL-talk-CAU-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
wiwʼlus
young.man
niniǰi
about
tə=
DET=
saɬtxʷ
woman
‘He talked to the young man about the girl.’
BE HUNGRY qʼa-qʼa
(19)
qʼaqʼa
hungry
tə=
DET=
čuyʼ
child
‘The child is hungry.’
BURN qʼətxʷ
(112)
ʔawθ-mut
suddenly-very
qʼətxʷ
burn
tə=
DET=
pipa
paper
‘All of a sudden, the paper burned.’
TIE qʼis-i-t
(32)
qʼis-i-t-∅-as
tie-LV-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
tiqiw
horse
ʔə=
OBL=
tə=
DET=
ǰaǰʼa
tree
‘He tied the horse to the tree.’
SHOUT AT qʼiya-t
(83)
qʼiya-θ-as
shout-CTR:1SG.OBJ-3.ERG
‘He hollered at me.’
TELL qʼʷaqʼʷθus-t
(69)
qʼʷaqʼʷθus-t-∅-as
tell.stories-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
saɬtxʷ
woman
ʔə=
OBL=
kʷ=
DET=
x̣ʷax̣ʷaǰʼimʼ
legend
‘He told the woman a legend.’
BEAT sapʼ-a-t
(27)
hihiw
very
tih
big
sapʼ-a-t-∅-as
club[PL]-LV-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
ʔuɬqay
snake
‘He beat the snake.’
SHAVE (a body part/person) sax̣ʷ-a-t
(22)
sax̣ʷ-a-t-∅
scrape-LV-CTR-3.OBJ
‘Scrape it.’
FEAR saysaǰʼ-mi-t
(5)
CVC-saǰʼ-mi-t-∅-as
RDPL-fear-RLT-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
tumiš
man
‘He feared the man. / He was scared of the man.’
CLIMB šaʔ
(98)
šaʔ
climb
tə=
DET=
tutamʼiš
boy
ʔə=
OBL=
tə=
DET=
ǰaǰʼa
tree
‘The boy climbed the tree.’
BE DRY šəmʼ
(20)
šəmʼ
dry
tə=tʼəy-tʼayš'
DET=PL-blanket
‘The blankets dried up.’
HIT səpʼ-t
(26)
səpʼ-t-∅-as
club-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
ʔuɬqay
snake
‘He hit the snake. / He clubbed the snake.’
THROW səytʼ-a-t
(17)
səytʼ-a-t-∅
throw-LV-CTR-3.OBJ
=tᶿəm
=1SG.INDC.SBJ:FUT
tə=
DET=
ləstəpuwl
ball
‘I will throw the ball.’
APPEAR ših-imut
(90)
ših-ig-imut
appear-PL-MDL
tə=
DET=
qayʼawmixʷ
people
‘The people (all) appeared.’
TEACH tiwš-am-sxʷ
(57)
ti-tiwš-am-sxʷ-∅
IMPF-learn-MDL-CAU-3.OBJ
=1SG.INDC.SBJ
ʔə=
OBL=
kʷ=
DET=
ʔayʔaǰuθəm
Native.language
‘I am teaching her the native language.’
COUGH tuqʼʷt
(189)
tuqʼʷt
cough
tə=
DET=
tumiš
man
‘The man coughed.’
FOLLOW tuyʔap-t
(118)
tuyʔəp-t-∅-as
follow-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
saɬtxʷ
woman
‘He followed the girl.’
COVER tʼayš-a-t
(47)
tʼayš-a-t-∅-as
blanket-LV-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
čuyʼ
child
‘He covered the baby with a blanket.’
BRING tʼaʔqʼ-aš
(94)
hu
go
=ga
=IMP
tʼaʔqʼ-aš
bring-CTR
tə=
DET=
supayu
ax
‘Go bring the ax back!’
WIPE tʼᶿəkʷ-t
(76)
tʼᶿə-tʼᶿkʷ-t-∅-as
IMPF-wipe-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
θiwuθitən
table
‘He is wiping the table.’
SCREAM tʼᶿikʼt
(99)
tʼᶿikʼ<i>t
scream<STV>
tə=čəy-čuyʼ
DET=
‘The kids are screaming.’
(202)
tʼᶿikʼt
scream
=∅
=3.INDC.SBJ
tə=
DET=
saɬtxʷ
woman
‘The woman screamed.’
BLINK tʼᶿipʼnəxʷ
(107)
tʼᶿipʼnəxʷ
close.eyes
=ga
=IMP
‘Close your eyes!’
SING wuw-um
(36)
wuw-um
sing-MDL
=ga
=IMP
‘Sing! / Go ahead and sing!’
WANT x̣aƛʼ
(92)
ʔətᶿ=
1SG.POSS=
x̣aƛʼ
want
kʷ=
DET=
qayʼa
water
‘I want water.’
GIVE x̣ənat-t
(9)
x̣ənat-t-∅-as
give-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
tiča
teacher
ʔə=
OBL=
tə=
DET=
pukʷ
book
‘He gave the book to the teacher.’
FRIGHTEN x̣əyp-a-t
(214)
x̣əyp-a-θ-as
startle-LV-CTR+1SG.OBJ-3.ERG
‘She startled me.’
HUG x̣ʷuǰ-u-t
(103)
x̣ʷuǰ-u-t-∅
put.arm.around-LV-CTR-3.OBJ
=čxʷ
=2SG.INDC.SBJ
tə=
DET=
čuyʼ
child
‘(You) hold the baby with your arms around him!’
FILL yaʔčʼ-aš
(51)
yaʔcʼ-aš-∅
full-CTR-3.OBJ
=čxʷ
=2SG.INDC.SBJ
tə=
DET=
kʼʷawʔis
bucket
‘(You) fill up the bucket!’
BREAK yəpʼ-t
(28)
yəpʼ-t-∅-as
break-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
lamaya
bottle
‘He broke the bottle.’
FEEL PAIN ʔah
(33)
ʔah
sore
tə=
DET=
tᶿ=
1SG.POSS=
čayiš
hand
‘My hand is hurting.’
BE SAD ʔah qʷayigən-s
(106)
ʔah
sore
=səm
=FUT
kʷ=
DET=
qʷayigan-ap
feeling-2PL.POSS
‘You all will be sad.’
LIKE ʔəy-sxʷ
(25)
ʔəy-sxʷ-as-uɬ
good-CAU-3.ERG-PAST
tə=
DET=
tumiš
man
‘He liked the man.’
EAT ʔiɬtən
(130)
ʔiɬtən
eat
=tᶿəm
=1SG.INDC.SBJ:FUT
ʔə=
OBL=
tə=
DET=
ǰanxʷ
fish
‘I will eat the fish.’
DIG ʔuɬqʷu
(113)
ʔu-ʔuɬqʷu
IMPF-dig.clams
=1SG.INDC.SBJ
‘I am digging clams.’
LOAD ʔuwuɬ-sxʷ
(55)
ʔuwuɬ-sxʷ-∅-as
embark-CAU-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
ʔasxʷ
seal
‘He loads the seal.’
WASH θap-a-t
(73)
θap-a-t-∅-as
bathe-LV-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
tə=
DET=
čuyʼ
child
‘She bathed the baby.’
SINK θayʼ-əm
(21)
θayʼ-əm
sink-MDL
tə=nəxʷiɬ
DET=canoe
‘The boat sank.’
DIG θiq-i-t
(126)
θiq-i-t-∅
dig-LV-CTR-3.OBJ
=čxʷ
=2SG.INDC.SBJ
‘You dig it.’
SIT kʷanač
(96)
kʷanač
sit
=∅
=3.INDC.SBJ
ʔə=
OBL=
tə=
DET=
θiyumixʷtən
floor
‘He is sitting on the floor.’
TELL taw-t
(243)
taw-t-∅-as
tell-CTR-3.OBJ-3.ERG
‘He told her.’