kopatʹ (копать)

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The verb takes either a patient as a direct object (e.g. kopat' zemlju ‘dig the ground’), but may also take a result argument (kopat' jamu ‘dig a hole’).

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(99)
Oni kopali zemlju.
oni
they
kopa-l-i
dig-PST-PL
zemlju
ground.ACC
‘They were digging the ground / the soil.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# DIG Coding set Argument type
1 digger NP-nom & V.subj A
2 dug hole/ground NP-acc P
3 digging instrument NP-instr I

Alternations