njuxatʹ (нюхать)

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This verb has more of an “active” meaning of SMELL, i.e. ‘take in air to perceive a smell’. The “passive” perception of smells is expressed via a paraphrase like ‘feel the smell’ or ‘hear the smell’.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(95)
Devočka njuxala cvety.
devočka
girl
njuxa-l-a
smell-PST-F.SG
cvety
flowers.ACC
‘The girl smelled the flowers.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SMELL Coding set Argument type
1 smeller NP-nom & V.subj A
2 smelled entity NP-acc P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N Requires prefixation on verb to make it perfective: ob-njuxat' y
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
U
N Only applicable when speaking about animals, with the meaning ‘to sniff’. n
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
R n
C
N y