suin (SG), ǃʼhaun (PL)

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With a singular subject, it is suin in the Western dialect, and tcuin in the Eastern dialect; with plural subjects, the suppletive stem ǃʼaun is used.

Coding frame

Examples

(190)
Tcuinya ki a.
tcuin-ya
sit.down-IMP.SG
ki
place
a
this
‘Sit down here!’
(191)
ǁʼaa si ǃʼhaun Olifantshoek.
ǁʼaa
go.away
si
1PL.E
ǃʼhaun
sit.down.PL
Olifantshoek
Olifantshoek
‘We go (and) land in Olifantshoek.’
(193)
Hng sii hng ǃʼhaun ǁuruke, hng sii ng ǃʼhaun ka nǂoqno.
hng
3PL
sii
come
hng
3PL
ǃʼhaun
sit.down.PL
ǁuru-ke
road-PL
hng
3PL
sii
come
hng
3PL
ǃʼhaun
sit.down.PL
ka
PL
nǂoqno
shade
‘They come (and) sit down on the road, they come (and) sit down in the shade.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SIT DOWN Coding set Argument type
1 sitdowner Ø A
2 sitting-down place Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
R n
(189)
‘Then we sat down.’
U
M Normally, the location is encoded as direct object, but there are a few examples where it is encoded as OBL (cf. also the direct/oblique object alternation). The direct object variant is clearly preferred to the oblique object variant. n
(192)
‘The man sits down on the chair.’
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y