ǀai (1)

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This verb means 'take'. It is also occasionally used for 'to touch (something)', but there is no verb that corresponds to 'touch' in general.

Coding frame

Examples

(246)
Kinn ǀai ka ǃuuke.
kinn
3PL
ǀai
take
ka
PL
ǃuuke
shoe
‘They take the shoes.’
(248)
ǀai uu ki nǀa tyuu.
ǀai
take
uu
take.up
ki
3NH.SG
nǀa
INST
tyuu
mouth
‘(He) takes it with his mouth.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# TAKE Coding set Argument type
1 taker Ø A
2 taken thing Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
R y
(247)
‘He takes the thing off the person's head.’
(249)
‘The person takes the hat off his head.’
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
R Sometimes this alternative frame is a free variant of A V P/X, sometimes it has a partitive meaning, and sometimes this means 'touch s.th.' (probably analogous to Afrikaans 'vat aan X' = 'to touch X'), it is also possible as an alternative to A V V(path) P ng+X for 'X takes Y from Z', but very marginal and unnatural. n
(251)
‘Then she takes (some of) the crushed berries.’
U
N n
U
N n
(250)
‘How (=why) do you touch me?’
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N This is possible (cf. ex. 248) but we regard the COM/INST as an adjunct. n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y