ǃauka

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ǃauke literally means 'tremble, shiver', but it can also mean 'become afraid'; used with the STAT suffix -a (ǃau-ke-a > ǃauka' ('become.afraid-STAT')) it means 'fear, be afraid'.

Coding frame

Examples

(5)
ǂoo ke ǃauka ng ǂoo a ko.
ǂoo
man
ke
FOC
ǃauke-a
become.frightened-PFV
ng
OBL
ǂoo
man
a
this
ko
other
‘The man is afraid of the other man.’
(6)
A a si ǁʼae ǃauka ng nǀng.
a
CONN
a
2SG
si
IRR
ǁʼae
go
ǃauke-a
become.frightened-PFV/STAT
ng
OBL
nǀng
1SG.OBL
‘And you should be afraid of me.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# FEAR Coding set Argument type
1 fearer Ø S
2 fear stimulus ng+NP X

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
U
N a clause can follow the verb, but no evidence that it is an argument n
C
N y
U
N a clause can follow, but no evidence that it is an argument n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
R n
(7)
‘The child fears the man.’
(51)
‘We are afraid of the jackal.’
U
N n
U
R n
(257)
‘He is afraid.’
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y