wetrs

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Clausal complements of the type 'help to climb a ladder' etc are expressed as infinitives plus the locative.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(108)
Ynd ärboloeta etenan kanga armbsn.
ynd
1sgERG
ärbolo-eta
old.man-DAT1
ø-ete-na-n
3sgU:α-help-ND:B.IPF-1sgA
kanga
ladder
armb-s-n
climb-NLZR-LOC
‘I helped the old man climb the ladder.’
(105)
Buder, ta qetena!
buder
friend
ta
1sgOBL
q-ete-na-ø
1sgU:β-help-ND:B.IPF-IPF:IMP:2sgA
‘Friend, help me!’
(106)
Yesu, {tagta/ta} qetena!
Yesu
Jesus
{tagta/ta}
{1sgDAT1/1sgOBL}
q-ete-na-ø
1sgU:β-help-ND:B.IPF-IPF:IMP:2sgA
‘Jesus, help me!’
(107)
Är yna samban wgd weterser yngm.
är
person
yna
DEM
samba-n
village-LOC
wgd
good
w-eter-s-er
TR.INF-help-NLZR-AGN
y-ng-m
3sgU:α-AW-be:ND
‘People in this village help each other.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# HELP Coding set Argument type
1 helper NP-erg & V.act X
2 helpee NP-obl & und.V X

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
y
C
y
U
n
U
n
C
y
C
y
C
y
U
n
C
y
U
n
C
y
C
y
C
y
C
y
C
y
U
n
U
n