bäts

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The only attested infinitive is the middle form äbäts but this can also occur in a transitive frame. The transitive form uses just the root bät, whereas the middle form adds the diathetic prefix ä-. This is therefore a case of defective infinitives rather than any abnormality in the finite forms.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(99)
Ymam mleg ybätnda wrng endn adwae.
ymam
3sgERG
mleg
girl
y-bät-nda
3sgU:α-meet-ND:PST.PF:3sgA
wrng
forest
end-n
path-LOC
adwae
secretly
‘The man secretly met the girl in the forest path.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# MEET Coding set Argument type
1 meeter NP-erg & V.act A
2 met person NP-abs & und.V P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(100)
‘He and the girl will meet in secret on a forest path.’
C
y
U
n
U
n
C
y
C
y
C
y
U
n
C
y
U
n
C
y
C
y
C
y
C
y
C
y
U
n
U
n