nps

show comment

Middle form is eñps; in the transitive infinitive form, the nasal depalatalises in initial position, though the root is still (a)ñp.
Also, there are two attested infinitives,
nps and eñps, both transitive: it looks like one means 'cut up' and the other 'cut, make an incision in'. At present these have not been entered as alternations, but more data may warrant this.
Other semantically related verbs, not entered here since they pattern similarly, are
pos 'cut/chop', tenas 'butcher'

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(52)
Parwae pip yñptan.
parwae
animal
pip
meat(ABS)
y-ñp-ta-n
3sgU:α-cut-ND:IPF-1sgA
‘I cut (up) the animal meat.’
(209)
Ynd parwae pip yñptan naepangama.
ynd
1sgERG
parwae
animal
pip
meat
y-ñp-ta-n
3sgU:α-cut-ND:IPF-1sgA
naepa-ngama
knife-ABL
‘I am cutting the meat with a knife.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# CUT Coding set Argument type
1 cutter NP-erg & V.act A
2 cut thing NP-abs & und.V P
3 cutting instrument NP-abl I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(53)
‘The two of them are cutting themselves/each other.’
C
R y
(54)
‘I got/cut on the leg.’
(55)
‘He got cut. / He cut himself.’
C
R y
(56)
‘I cut a piece of your meat for myself.’
C
y
U
n
U
n
C
y
U
n
C
y
U
n
C
y
C
y
C
y
C
y
C
y
U
n
U
n