weres

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Can mean both 'hear' and 'listen', also 'understand'. The transitive construction, though formally basic to the other two alternations, is actually rarer than the middle object-downgrading construction.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(181)
Ymam boraro ke erete.
ymam
3sgERG
boraro
flute
ke
sound
ø-ere-t-e
3sgU:α-hear-ND:IPF-3sgA
‘He can hear the sound of a flute.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# HEAR Coding set Argument type
1 hearer NP-erg & V.act A
2 heard sound NP-abs & und.V P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(41)
‘I can hear the sound of a bamboo flute.’
C
R y
(182)
‘He is listening carefully to the recording to know whether we have translated the Nen correctly or not.’
C
R y
(183)
‘We must wait to hear/get word that the Dimisisi people have begun their harvest, when we hear then we begin our own harvesting.’
C
y
C
y
U
n
U
n
C
y
U
n
C
y
U
n
C
y
C
y
C
y
C
y
U
n
U
n