kiwinḡs

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The RR form of the perfective-oriented verb, inḡs meaning 'catch sight of' can be used with the meaning 'meet'; note that for unexpected meetings the β-prefix is used in the past tense instead of the expected α-form.

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Examples

(101)
Ynd tande ägmser äräba kiwinḡam déḡdéḡan wrng endn.
ynd
1sgABS
tande
1sgGEN
ägmser
enemy
är-äba
person-COM
k-iw-inḡ-a-m
M:β-RR-meet-DU:PF-1nsgA
déḡdéḡan
accidentally
wrng
forest
end-n
path-LOC
‘I accidentally met my enemy on a bush track.’
(87)
Ynd ämbygn te niwinḡanzm.
ynd
1sgABS
ämbygn
±one.year
te
already
n-iw-inḡ-anz-m
M:α-RR-see-DU:PRET-1nsgA
‘We saw each other last year.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# MEET Coding set Argument type
1 meeter NP-abs & V.act X
2 met person NP-com I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
y
C
y
U
n
U
n
C
y
C
y
C
y
U
n
C
y
U
n
C
y
C
y
C
y
C
y
C
y
U
n
U
n