soto

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Soto is a labile verb; in its transitive use, it expresses 'get' or 'have', whereas in its intransitive use, it can be glossed as 'be available'. The causative form soto-ndi expresses 'make available', 'provide'.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(251)
Kambaanóo ye kitáaboo soto a karammôo búlu.
kambaan-óo
boy-DEF
ye
PF.POS
kitáab-oo
book-DEF
soto
get/have
a
3SG
karammôo
teacher.DEF
búlu
POSS
‘The boy got the book from his teacher.’
(252)
Kambaanóo ye kitáaboo soto.
kambaan-óo
boy-DEF
ye
PF.POS
kitáab-oo
book-DEF
soto
get/have
‘The boy got the book / has a book.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# GET Coding set Argument type
1 receiver Ø A
2 received thing Ø P
3 receiving source NP+bulu X

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
M n
C
R y
(254)
‘The man provides the family with food. / lit. makes food available for the family.’
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
R n
(253)
‘There is fish available at the market today.’