karandi

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Karandi 'teach' is the causative verb derived from karaŋ 'learn'. Karaŋ 'learn' is cognate with karaŋ 'read' but has different syntactic properties (karaŋ 'read' is a plain transitive verb, whereas karang 'learn' lends itself to Introversive Alternation, and is causativized by means of the causative suffix typically used with intransitive verbs).

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Examples

(212)
Kewó ye kambaanóo karandi Mandinkakáŋo la.
kew-ó
man-DEF
ye
PF.POS
kambaan-óo
boy-DEF
kara-ndi
learn-CAUS
Mandinka-káŋ-o
Mandinka-language-DEF
la
OBL
‘The man taught Mandinka to the boy.’
(214)
Kambaanóo ye Mandinkakáŋo karaŋ.
kambaan-óo
boy-DEF
ye
PF.POS
Mandinka-káŋ-o
Mandinka-language-DEF
karaŋ
learn
‘The boy learned Mandinka.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# TEACH Coding set Argument type
1 teacher Ø A
2 teachee Ø P
3 taught content NP+la I

Alternations