fándi

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Fándi, the commonest equivalent of 'fill', is the causative verb derived from fáa 'be full'. Fáa 'be full' is however a semi-labile verb, used transitively with a subject referring to a substance occupying a place (but not to an agent).

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Examples

(154)
Kewó ye bootôo fándi maanóo la.
kew-ó
man-DEF
ye
PF.POS
boot-ôo
bag-DEF
fá-ndi
be_full-CAUS
maan-óo
rice-DEF
la
OBL
‘The man filled the bag with rice.’
(158)
Diŋkôo fáata jíyo la.
diŋk-ôo
hole-DEF
fáa-ta
be_full-PF.POS
jíy-o
water-DEF
la
OBL
‘The hole is full of water.’
(159)
Jíyo ye diŋkóo faa.
jíy-o
water-DEF
ye
PF.POS
diŋk-óo
hole-DEF
faa
fill
‘The water filled up the hole.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# FILL Coding set Argument type
1 filler Ø A
2 filled container Ø P
3 filling material NP+la I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
U
R n
(155)
‘The bag was filled with rice.’
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n
C
R y
(156)
‘The man made his son fill the bag.’
(157)
‘The man made his son fill the bag with rice.’
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
U
N n