samba

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Samba 'bring, carry' is not oriented deictically. If the deictic orientation is not clear from the context, centripetal orientation can optionally be specified by adding the centripetal particle naŋ, or by using naa ... ti (lit. 'come with') instead of samba; centrifugal orientation can similarly be specified by using táa ... ti (lit. 'go with') instead of samba. The 3rd argument of samba can be a locative expression (coding frame A > T > V > L) or a recipient marked by the benefactive postposition ye (coding frame A > T > V R+ye).

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(132)
Kambaanóo ye kitáaboo samba karambúŋo to.
kambaan-óo
boy-DEF
ye
PF.POS
kitáab-oo
book-DEF
samba
bring/carry
karambúŋ-o
school-DEF
to
LOC
‘The boy brought/carried the book to the school.’
(133)
Kambaanóo ye kitáaboo samba a karammóo ye.
kambaan-óo
boy-DEF
ye
PF.POS
kitáab-oo
book-DEF
samba
bring/carry
a
3SG
karammóo
teacher.DEF
ye
BEN
‘The boy brought/carried the book to his teacher.’
(134)
Kambaanóo ye kitáaboo sambá naŋ a karammóo ye.
kambaan-óo
boy-DEF
ye
PF.POS
kitáab-oo
book-DEF
sambá
bring/carry
naŋ
CTRP
a
3SG
karammóo
teacher.DEF
ye
BEN
‘The boy brought the book to his teacher.’

Verb meanings , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BRING CARRY Coding set Argument type
1 bringer carrier Ø A
2 brought thing carried thing Ø P
3 bringing recipient carrying goal LOC L

Alternations