chén (沉)

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chén is used mainly as an instransitive verb. However, as an old conventional use, it may enter a causative VO construction as a transitive verb. As the VO construction may be associated with 'causing someone to lose sth', which accords with the ditransitive constructional meaning, the verb can also be used ditransitively.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(11)
Tāde chuán zuótiān chén le.
ta-de
3SG-POSS
chuan
boat
zuotian
yesterday
chen-le
sink-PERF
‘His boat sank yesterday.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SINK Coding set Argument type
1 sunken entity Ø S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(228)
‘The boat sank.’
(287)
‘The pirates sank the boat.’
C
M y
(231)
‘The pirates sank ten of our boats.’
C
N y
C
M y
(232)
‘It is difficult to sink the boat because it is too big. / This boat is too big and is difficult to sink.’
C
R y
(229)
‘The pirates sank the boat.’
C
N y
C
R y
(230)
‘The boat was sunk by the pirates.’